Lifestyle

Racial discrimination affects brain microstructure

Racial discrimination increases the risk for physical and mental illnesses, and Black women suffer from diseases at significantly higher rates than White women. How traumatic experiences such as discrimination increase vulnerability to illness remains the topic of intense research. Now, a new study shows that the experience of racial discrimination affects the microstructure of the […]

Lifestyle

Review outlines methods to estimate life expectancy

Five key methods have been explored by Leicester researchers to calculate life expectancy and the life years lost due to disease and illness. Life expectancy measures, particularly years of life lost or gained, have captured a great interest in the last years by public health institutions and healthcare professionals given their immediate and actionable interpretation. […]

Lifestyle

Majority of stroke patients with depression do not receive mental health treatment

About one in three stroke survivors will experience depression in the first year after a stroke. A new study from Regenstrief Institute, Indiana University School of Medicine and University of Michigan shows two-thirds of those who screened positive for depression received no mental health treatment. “This study shows a very significant number of survivors are […]

Lifestyle

Melanoma thickness equally hard for algorithms and dermatologists to judge

Assessing the thickness of melanoma is difficult, whether done by an experienced dermatologist or a well-trained machine-learning algorithm. A study from the University of Gothenburg shows that the algorithm and the dermatologists had an equal success rate in interpreting dermoscopic images. In diagnosing melanoma, dermatologists evaluate whether it is an aggressive form (“invasive melanoma”), where […]

Lifestyle

A new measure of psychological safety for patients

A new scale for measuring the psychological safety of patients has been developed at the University of Strathclyde. Researchers devised the scale, consisting of 29 items, to assess how safe a person feels. It is further divided into three sub-scales of Social Engagement, Compassion and Bodily Sensations. The items were identified from the responses to […]

Lifestyle

How to inhibit photoreceptor death? A new way to fight pigmentary retinopathy

Why do photoreceptors in the retina die? Can this process be inhibited? Research conducted by an international team of scientists, with the participation of Dr. Andrzej Foik of ICTER, may help develop therapies to slow vision loss. Retinal degeneration is a multifaceted disorder with many etiologies, and it is one of the leading causes of […]

Lifestyle

Scientists develop liquid biopsy technique to help detect cancer in blood

University of Central Florida College of Medicine researchers have found a new way to track metastatic cancer cells in the body, which in the future could help identify cancer earlier and give patients more treatment options. In the latest issue of PLOS ONE, Professor Annette Khaled’s research lab reported using a protein complex called a […]